Preferential tax treatment compared with ordinary income
Will Social Security cover all your retirement needs?
The average Social Security retirement benefit in January 2022 was $1,614 per month, or about $19,370 per year.1
When can you file?
You can start getting Social Security as early as 62 (with a potential reduction in benefits by as much as 30%).2 When you hit full retirement age (FRA) you can get Social Security without a penalty. The age varies based on the year and month you were born.
How is Social Security calculated?
It’s based on your lifetime Social Security earnings & adjusted for inflation. The basic formula is the total of your highest 35 years of adjusted earnings divided by 420 (the number of months in 35 years) equals your monthly average earnings. Your benefits are determined using this amount, and the maximum benefit cap. The monthly amount you receive if you file at your FRA is called the Primary Insurance amount (PIA).
FRA = Full retirement age. For this data, FRA is 66.
Eligible for 100% of benefits
FULL RETIREMENT AGE
66 + 2 months
66 + 4 months
66 + 6 months
66 + 8 months
66 + 10 months
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